Evolutionary aspects of industries in the State of Mato Grosso – review of historical and economic context
The state of Mato Grosso, after the 1970's, has undergone changes in its territorial space and dynamic development. As a precursor of the great changes is agribusiness, a structure that in recent decades has changed the face of Brazilian agriculture, which has been an activity increasingly integrated into industries and services. This study intends to bring into discussion the evolution of the industry in the State of Mato Grosso, in relation to inovation and performance, focusing on the agribusiness, relating it to the theories and studies available in literature, bringing to light some aspects, variables and factors that influence this process, with the aim of streghtening local activities or search for alternatives to internationalize business. The article approach parts from a socioeconomic context, which is based on the state and social changes, emphasizing its rapid economic growth as well as territorial occupation. Among them data and parameters of main economic activities in the Midwest and the performance of the State of Mato Grosso, with marked changes in its context. The State of Mato Grosso, even being the biggest national grain producer, it is still growing in the processing industry, selling the biggest part of its production as commodities. Besides that, has had many difficulties in logistic management, in relation to the big geographic extension and few investments in infrastructure, which would make easier not only the flow of the production but also the instalation of agribusinesses which could add value to the production. The text provides reflections and records of information gathering aspects that demonstrate the growth of the State of Mato Grosso, which emerges as a standout in its productive capacity, focusing on agribusiness, one of the fastest growing activities in the global economy of production chains, mainly because of their heartfelt innovation technology. The State of Mato Gross potencial to agribusiness is one of the conclusions of the study, due to its high levels of production in agriculture and pecuary, regulated by the development of biotechnology, placing the state ahead in an economy which is in expansion in different segmens and cultures. The socio-economic scenario presented is of innovation in the industries of the State of Mato Grosso, and expansion of activities, requiring labor qualification but mainly the adequation of cultures, technology, infrastructure, education and science, to turn possible a more hegemonic and less excludent development for the State.
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