REGIONAL ANALYSIS BASED ON THE DEMOGRAPHIC AND ECONOMIC VARIATION OF THE ASSOCIATION OF THE MUNICIPALITIES OF WESTERN SANTA CATARINA
The researches that address the socioeconomic variables in different regions have been used in various knowledge fields, once they permit detailed regional analysis, in this case, of demographic and economic indicators. These studies are relevant in geographic scopes, both nationals and states or regionals, due to the significant spatial differences in terms of mobility and economic diversification with different levels of specialization, not always associated to geophysical factors. In this sense, the main aim with this research was to analyze the characteristics of the demographic and socioeconomic dynamic of Associação dos Municípios do Oeste de Santa Catarina (AMOSC) [Association of the Municipalities of Western Santa Catarina]. The methodological process envisaged two groups of quantitative variables: the demographic evolution and variation and the evolution of the economic aggregates, thus, the focus is quantitative. As a result, it was observed an increase of asymmetries among the municipalities of the region, since there is a population, work and income concentration. It was also observed the reduction of the dynamism of the economic activities, in consequence of structural factors, which influence the relocation of industrial facilities to other regions of the country. The region studied resents the loss of competitiveness due to the dependence of inputs to the livestock flocks that sustain the agribusiness, as well as in consequence of the precariousness of regional roadways, and of the distance of the ports and the consumer markets.
Keywords: Regional development. Regional asymmetries. Socioeconomic dynamic.
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