Diferentes perspectivas da ação de membros inferiores nos quatro nados competitivos: uma revisão integrativa

Palavras-chave: Força, Fisiologia, Antropometria, Biomecânica, Dinamometria

Resumo

Atualmente se sabe que a velocidade da natação é uma função da propulsão gerada a partir dos membros inferiores e não apenas dos membros superiores. No entanto, por anos, a ação das pernas, durante o nado, teve sua importância mitigada. Dessa forma, o objetivo deste trabalho foi levantar, por meio de uma revisão integrativa da literatura, o estado da arte acerca da importância dos membros inferiores na natação. Esta pesquisa foi delimitada na ação das pernas de superfície e pernas subaquáticas, excluindo-se as análises das saídas e viradas. Foram analisados estudos indexados nas seguintes bases de dados: Web of Science, PubMed, Scopus, Lilacs e SciELO. A sistematização de busca incluiu leitura de títulos, resumos e artigos na íntegra, encontrados por meio de blocos de descritores que combinaram termos principais e secundários. Um total de 154 artigos foi encontrado, dos quais 55 foram incluídos para análise qualitativa. Os resultados mostraram que os estudos sobre a utilização dos membros inferiores na natação possuem baixo valor amostral e descrição heterogênea dos níveis dos participantes. O nado peito e as ondulações subaquáticas são as variáveis mais estudadas. Preconiza-se examinar a eficácia de outras variáveis ​​antropométricas, cinemáticas e de coordenação para entender melhor a produção da velocidade máxima e considerar a importância de técnicas individuais na ação das pernas na natação. Ainda, no campo da utilização dos membros inferiores na natação, existem algumas lacunas, as quais os próprios artigos apontam. Essas  demandas ficam por conta da força gerada por esses segmentos, além da discussão da importância em se considerarem fatores individuais na ação das pernas para os nadadores.

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Publicado
02-09-2020
Como Citar
Pinto , M. de O., Chirolli, M. J., Roesler , H. ., & Pereira , S. M. . (2020). Diferentes perspectivas da ação de membros inferiores nos quatro nados competitivos: uma revisão integrativa. Evidência, 20(1), 23-44. https://doi.org/10.18593/eba.24807
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