Os diferentes tipos de coagulantes naturais para o tratamento de água: uma revisão

Palavras-chave: Coagulante natural, Contaminação, Água, Tratamento

Resumo

Os coagulantes naturais são compostos naturais, como sementes, mucilagem e outros compostos baseados ou não baseados em plantas, que possuem a capacidade de remoção de contaminantes da água, esgotos e efluentes. Seu uso possui forte apelo ambiental, econômico e social, especialmente por se tratarem de compostos facilmente encontrados na natureza, como a moringa, quiabo e cáctus, e, por isso, baratos, aumentando a qualidade de vida da sociedade e mitigando o dano ou impacto ambiental. Esta revisão teve por objetivo apresentar os diferentes tipos de coagulantes naturais, seus respectivos usos e características. Esta pesquisa foi elaborada por meio de consultas na literatura especializada, com cerca de 160 artigos pesquisados e 38 efetivamente utilizados; concentrou-se em discutir os benefícios dos coagulantes naturais frente aos coagulantes químicos, bem como as implicações dos diferentes tipos de coagulantes naturais no tratamento de água, efluentes líquidos e esgotos. Em suma, verificou-se que as questões que envolvem a pesquisa dos coagulantes naturais é um caminho ambientalmente correto, barato e um objetivo a ser alcançado, visto a grande demanda de tratamento de água e efluentes que ocorre ao redor do mundo.

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Biografia do Autor

Igor Vivian de Almeida, Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia

Mestre e Doutor em Biologia Comparada pela Universidade Estadual de Maringá; Professor no Magistério Superior da Universidade Federal Rural da Amazônia, Campus Capitão Poço.

Veronica Elisa Pimenta Vicentini, Universidade Estadual de Maringá

Mestra e Doutora em Genética pela Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto da Universidade de São Paulo; Professora titular no Departamento de Biotecnologia, Genética e Biologia Celular da Universidade Estadual de Maringá.

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Publicado
17-08-2020
Como Citar
Lima, P. R., Almeida, I. V. de, & Vicentini, V. E. P. (2020). Os diferentes tipos de coagulantes naturais para o tratamento de água: uma revisão. Evidência, 20(1), 9-12. https://doi.org/10.18593/eba.24704
Seção
Biociências