Efeitos da contaminação da água pelo fármaco 17α-etinilestradiol, detecção e tipos de tratamento

  • Paulo Renato Lima Universidade Estadual de Maringá
  • Rosangela Bergamasco
Palavras-chave: 17α-etinilestradiol, fármacos, contaminação, água, tratamento.

Resumo

Assim como outros esteroides estrogênicos, como o estrona (E1), o 17β-estradiol (E2), e o estriol (E3), o 17α-etinilestradiol (EE2) é um hormônio sintético, derivado do hormônio natural, que pode ser lançado no meio ambiente por meio de descarga de esgoto doméstico e de efluentes industriais não tratados. Ele é um dos medicamentos mais utilizados, o que aumenta seu potencial de presença no ambiente. Pode, também, contaminar o ambiente quando utilizado em atividades pecuárias e agrícolas. Este estudo centra-se em alertar acerca dos efeitos do EE2 à saúde humana e animal, bem como em informar que diversas pesquisas apontam a ineficácia de tratamento desse fármaco pelas Estações de Tratamento de Águas Residuais (ETARs), bem como pelas Estações de Tratamento de Efluentes (ETEs). Os mecanismos e alguns métodos de tratamento de águas contaminadas com o EE2 são discutidos sem desconsiderar alguns outros esteroides do mesmo grupo etinil. 

Palavras-chave: 17α-etinilestradiol. Fármacos. Contaminação. Água. Tratamento. 

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Biografia do Autor

Paulo Renato Lima, Universidade Estadual de Maringá
Departamento de Engenharia Química
Mestrado em Biotecnologia Ambiental
Rosangela Bergamasco
Departamento de Química

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Publicado
19-12-2017
Como Citar
Lima, P. R., & Bergamasco, R. (2017). Efeitos da contaminação da água pelo fármaco 17α-etinilestradiol, detecção e tipos de tratamento. Evidência, 17(2), 119-134. https://doi.org/10.18593/eba.v17i2.15956