Limitando o acesso a terapias não aprovadas: Uma prática paternalista?

  • Martin Šolc
Palavras-chave: Legislação sanitária, Terapias não aprovadas, Terapias com células-tronco, Paternalismo médico, República Tcheca

Resumo

O objetivo deste artigo é responder sobre se são permitidas as limitações do acesso a terapias não aprovadas fora dos ensaios clínicos, à luz do paradigma moderno dos cuidados de saúde, que se baseia na autonomia de vontade dos pacientes. O debate do texto se concentra nas terapias que consistem no fornecimento de medicamentos não registrados. A lei é muitas vezes restritiva ao permitir que os pacientes recebam terapias experimentais, mesmo que concedam consentimento totalmente informado. A lei tcheca e um recente caso tcheco de terapia com células-tronco não aprovada fornecem uma base para a análise do problema com conclusões universalmente aplicáveis. Argumentamos que a regulamentação do acesso a terapias não aprovadas atende a um importante interesse público da proteção da confiança pública no sistema de saúde e, portanto, é justificada. A lei deve permitir apenas o acesso a terapias experimentais com justificativas científicas suficientes. Sob certas condições, os pacientes podem cobrir os custos da terapia.

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Publicado
12-12-2019
Como Citar
Šolc, M. (2019). Limitando o acesso a terapias não aprovadas: Uma prática paternalista?. Espaço Jurídico Journal of Law [EJJL], 20(2), 215-232. https://doi.org/10.18593/ejjl.23247
Seção
Direitos humanos e cenário internacional